Welcome to the second half of the BTS Advanced Communications’ Helpful Telecommunications Terms Glossary! Though not a complete list of every word and acronym that is tossed around in the telecommunications industry, it may help for the better understanding of certain terms throughout this blog and elsewhere on the internet.
Ladder rack: a type of cable management system composed of straight and curved sections that link together to route network cabling through ceilings, floors and walls.
LAN: Local Area Network; a system that provides networking between a group of computers in settings such as office buildings, campuses or homes for the purpose of sharing of files, printers and other computer-related applications
Legacy phone: a phone or system of phones considered outmoded or obsolete
Network: The connection of two or more computers so they can communicate. Networks can also be comprised of transmission devices, servers, cables, routers and satellites.
PBX: private branch exchange; a business phone system that works as an organization’s private central telephone server system, routing calls from office to office or to external phone lines
Telephony: A word used to describe the transmission of voice over a telecommunications network
Twisted pair: a type of cabling in which the interior wiring is twisted together in pairs for the purpose of reducing electromagnetic interference from external sources; twisted pair wiring can come as shielded or unshielded and is delineated as STP (shielded twisted pair) and UTP (unshielded twisted pair)
Unified Communications: a type of technological architecture combining telephony, instant messaging, audio/video conferencing, email, voicemail, fax and SMS that allows users to check each medium from a central platform rather than individually
VoIP: Voice over Internet Protocol; a type of telephony that transmits voice data digitally over multiple routes across the internet to a destination
WAN: Wide Area Network; a telecommunications network that connects a group of LANS spread out over a large geographical area